News Room      

Topic: Overview Of The Anti-Corruption Radio Campaign

1. Introduction

The National Anti-Corruption Campaign Steering Committee (NACCSC) is established vide Kenya Gazette Notice No. 6707 dated 19th September, 2014. It is mandated to undertake a nationwide public education, sensitization and awareness creation campaign aimed at effecting fundamental changes in the attitudes, behavior, practices and culture of Kenyans towards corruption. The campaign is mainly targeted at the members of the public to fully empower them fight corruption. Members are drawn from Government Ministries, Departments and Agencies, Faith Based Organizations, Women Organizations and the Private Sector.

2. Radio Campaign

In the month of April 2017, NACCSC undertook a three-month campaign on five radio stations themed “Elections and Good Governance” to sensitize the voters to understand corruption, types, manifestations, effects and actions that should be taken to fight and prevent corruption in the general elections. The campaign proved popular with radio listeners and was leading to the procurement of an additional two radio stations and the extension of period by two months until after the general election on 8th August, 2017.  

Through the five-month campaign, members of the public have been sensitized on the qualities of a leader of integrity, benefits of electing individuals that are not tainted by corruption, the corruption-prone areas and corrupt practices in the electoral process and their individual and collective role in ensuring the elections are free, fair and credible, devoid of corruption. The campaign reached an estimated 20.9 million Kenyans every week with anti-corruption messages, many of whom voiced their concerns and asked questions through short text messages, telephone call-ins and social media posts.

In the post-election period, citizens have been sensitized on their role in ensuring that the leaders do engage in corrupt practices as well as demanding setting up of transparent and accountable governance structures. The citizens should continue monitoring their leaders’ performance, but most important, the fight against corruption.

3. Review of the Campaign

Various stakeholders in the electoral process participated in the campaign, discussing different topics related to their mandate and efforts they have put in place to fight corruption. Pre-election programmes concentrated on the importance of voters electing leaders of integrity, while post-election programmes focused on how the voters can hold their leaders accountable. The stakeholders that participated and their topics are indicated in the following table:-

TABLE OF INSTITUTIONS THAT PARTICIPATED AND THE TOPICS THEY FACILITATED

S/no. Institution Topic Discussed
1. Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission Corruption and Malpractices in the Electoral Process
2. Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission Fighting corruption through Vetting and Integrity of Candidates
3. Inter-Religious Council of Kenya Role of Religious Institutions in Ensuring Corruption-free Elections
4. National Cohesion and Integration Commission The Role of NCIC in Ensuring Corruption-free Elections
5. National Youth Council The Role of Youth in Fighting and Preventing Corruption in the General Elections
6. Transparency International (K) The Role of the Public in Ensuring Corruption-Free Elections
7. Director of Public Prosecutions The Role of ODPP in Fighting and Preventing Corruption in the General Elections
8. Registrar of Political Parties The Role of Political Parties in Fighting and Preventing Corruption in the General Elections
9. IEBC, EACC, CS Education and ORPP Vetting Candidates for the General Elections
10. Maendeleo Ya Wanawake Organization The Role of Women in Fighting and Preventing Corruption in the General Election
11. Kenya National Commission on Human Rights The Role of Human Rights in Fighting and Preventing Corruption in the General Election
12. National Council for Persons With Disability The Role of Persons with Disability in Fighting and Preventing Corruption in the General Election
13. Media Council of Kenya The Role of the Media in Fighting and Preventing Corruption in the General Elections
14. NACCSC Role of voters in electing leaders of integrity
15. National Police Service Role of the National Police Service in Fighting and Preventing Corruption in the General Elections
16. Director of Public Prosecutions Electoral malpractices/offences and their prosecution
17. Transparency International (K) Preventing corruption in the constitution of National and County Governments
18. NACCSC Role of Citizens in Fighting and Preventing Corruption after the General Election
19. Inter-Religious Council of Kenya Public participation in the fight against corruption
20. NACCSC Review of the Anti-Corruption Radio Campaign

4. Discussion Points

From the above table, it is clear the radio campaign was comprehensive and wholesome. As it successfully comes to an end, and as the country heads to the re-run of the presidential elections on 17th October 2017 as announced by the IEBC, there is need to leave the listeners with lasting messages as follows:-

  1. Fighting corruption is my responsibility. Every Kenyans has a role to play in the fight against corruption and the vice can only be effectively fought when each stakeholder plays their rightful role.
  2. It is the constitutional right of all Kenyans over the age of 18 years to participate in general elections and elect leaders of their choice.
  3. Kenyans need to interrogate those candidates who present themselves for election to various posts, and elect only those that are of high integrity and capable of steering the counties and country to higher levels of development
  4. Leaders vying for various posts and positions need to ensure that fighting corruption is in the forefront of their political parties’ and individuals’ manifestos.
  5. Qualities of a Leader of Integrity include:-
    1. Honest, strong and not greedy
    2. Embraces and practices high morals and values
    3. Disciplined and willing to serve selflessly
    4. Shuns tribalism/ethnicism/clannism and, instead, treats all Kenyans equally
    5. Observes the rule of law and respects human rights
    6. Prioritizes the fight against corruption
    7. Has not been tainted/associated with any corruption scandals in the past
    8. Their sources of wealth are obvious, known and explainable
    9. Accountable to the public for decisions made and actions taken.

f. Benefits of electing Leaders who are not tainted by Corruption include:-

 

    1. Reduced corruption levels and unethical conduct in the management of public affairs
    2. Increased growth in the economy and development
    3. Improved investor confidence in County/Country
    4. Peace, security, cohesion and peaceful coexistence
    5. Rapid strides in development – increased budgetary allocations to the Counties arising from collection of more revenue.

g. Corrupt Practices in the Elections and Electoral Processes

    1. Bribing voters by giving them money, foodstuffs, clothing materials
    2. Buying voters’ national ID cards
    3. Stirring ethnic or sectarian animosities
    4. Hiring goons to disrupt public meetings of competitors
    5. Destroying election materials belonging to competitors
    6. Branding competitors as enemies
    7. Causing or meting out violence on voters and aspirants
    8. Discrimination on account of gender, ethnicity, region, party, body ability
    9. Favouritism by Government officials

h. Role of the Electorate after the General Election

    1. Demand from their leaders that they uphold integrity, transparency and accountability in the conduct and management of public affairs
    2. Continuously remind the leaders of the pre-election pledges they made as contained in their development agenda, party/individual manifestos and verbal promises
    3. Demand that the leaders abide by and deliver on the promises they had made
    4. Regularly monitor and evaluate the delivery of such pledges and promises
  1. Participate in vetting (usually held in open forums) of individuals proposed for appointment, thus Cabinet Secretaries and Principal Secretaries; and County Executive Committee Members and Chief Officers, in the National and County Governments respectively, among many other positions. Members of the public should volunteer information that will help weed out corrupt and incompetent individuals to ensure that only the best candidates of high moral standing and integrity are appointed.

j. What is Public Participation, and how can the public effectively accomplish this?

    1. The World Bank defines participation as: ‘A process in which stakeholders influence and share control over development initiatives, decisions and the resources affecting them’.
    2. In Kenya, Article 196 (1a & b) of the Constitution (2010) and Section 8 (f) of the County Governments Act 2012 amongst others, stipulate the importance of public participation which when handled correctly, enhances transparency and accountability.
    3. When the public is deliberately involved in programmes and projects within their areas, they are able to make crucial contributions that influence the outcomes. The leaders are also forced to become more ‘transparent’ in their dealings, leading to high accountability
    4. The public should attend all meetings convened by various authorities on the management of public affairs including budget-making, policy formulation and development to give their opinion and make decisions. They should interrogate the budgetary proposals, and ask questions, to ensure they reflect the situations on the ground correctly (not exaggerations meant to benefit corrupt individuals)
    5. During implementation of public projects and programmes, the beneficiaries (members of the public) should accept to volunteer to serve as members of the Project Management Committees (PMCs) to oversee their successful implementation, devoid of corruption.

k. How does public participation help in fighting corruption?

    1. Through the Constitution, Kenyans have an opportunity to enhance development and service delivery through direct participation, which entrenches transparency and accountability
    2. Leaders are aware of the public scrutiny, hence conduct themselves transparently
    3. The public is closely involved in the execution of the development agenda of their governments, hence can demand transparency where issues are not clear
    4. Citizens do not participate in or condone theft of materials from public projects but, instead, report to the relevant authorities.

l. How can Citizens hold their elected leaders accountable in service delivery?

    1. Attend and participate in all scheduled development meetings
    2. Not to demand for payments (or even tea) when attending such meetings
    3. Agree to elect Project Management Committees to oversee implementation of local publicly-funded projects and programmes. Where not formed, citizens should demand their formation before implementation commences.

m. How can Citizens deal with errant Leaders?

    1. Exercise their right of recall of their Member of Parliament as provided in article 104 of the Constitution of Kenya, 2010
    2. Exercise their right to demonstration, picketing and petition as provided in article 37 of the Constitution of Kenya, 2010
    3. Not to re-elect an errant leader – one who lacks integrity and is corrupt and inept (inept means incompetent, useless and hopeless).

5. Conclusion

Corruption remains a serious threat to the Country’s development agenda contained in the Kenya Vision 2030 and other development blue prints as it concentrates resources in the hands of a few, scares away both local and foreign investors and denies the public quality services. It should, thus, be in the interest of every individual Kenyan to play his/her rightful role in fighting and preventing corruption; fighting corruption starts with me and you.

Finally, the National Anti-Corruption Campaign Steering Committee expresses its commitment to continue educating and empowering citizens to fight and prevent corruption in Kenya. We also wish to thank all the listeners who tuned-in and followed discussions but most importantly, received and acted on the anti-corruption messages that were relayed to them in the pre-polling, polling and post-polling periods. We also appreciate the members of the public who expressed their opinions and contributed ideas on how the vice can successfully be fought, we thank you.

Remember, ‘Fighting Corruption, My responsibility!’

NATIONAL ANTI-CORRUPTION CAMPAIGN STEERING COMMITTEE


   News Room      

Topic: Role of Citizens in Fighting and Preventing Corruption after the General Election

The National Anti-Corruption Campaign Steering Committee (NACCSC) is established vide Kenya Gazette Notice No. 6707 dated 19th September, 2014.  It is mandated to conduct a nationwide public education, sensitization and awareness creation campaign aimed at effecting fundamental changes in the attitude, behaviour, practices and culture of Kenyans towards corruption. The campaign is focused on the members of the public, to empower them fight and prevent corruption.

The country has just concluded the General Election held on 8th August 2017, and NACCSC is of the view that the public should remain engaged in the fight against corruption. The anti-corruption radio campaign by NACCSC themed “Elections and Good Governance” currently being transmitted on seven radio stations is one such engagement. In the pre-election period, the campaign sensitized members of the public on the qualities of a leader of integrity, benefits of electing individuals that are not tainted by corruption, the corruption-prone areas and corrupt practices in the electoral process and their individual and collective role in ensuring the elections were credible and devoid of corruption.

After the elections, regardless of the type of leaders that the electorate voted in, it is imperative that the agenda of fighting corruption is sustained. Specifically, the members of the public should be encouraged to actively participate in the vetting of public officials that both the County and National Government will appoint such as Cabinet Secretaries and County Executive Committee Members, among others, as well as demand establishment of transparent and accountable governance structures and continuously monitor their leaders’ performance in relation to the commitments and promises they made during the electioneering period, including a sustained fight against corruption.

NACCSC would like the voters to know that they have a major role to play in continuing to fight and prevent corruption after electing their leaders. The following points will assist them in making good decisions as they implement this role: -

  1. What is the role of the electorate after the general election?
  • Demand from their leaders that they uphold integrity, transparency and accountability in the conduct and management of public affairs
  • Continuously remind the leaders of the pre-election pledges they made as contained in their development agenda, party/individual manifestos and verbal promises
  • Demand that the leaders abide by and deliver on the promises they had made
  • Regularly monitor and evaluate the delivery of such pledges and promises
  • Participate in the vetting of Cabinet Secretaries, County Executive Committee members, Principal Secretaries, Chief Officers etc

       2. What is public participation, and how can the public effectively accomplish this?

  • The World Bank defines participation as: ‘A process in which stakeholders influence and share control over development initiatives, decisions and the resources affecting them’.
  • In Kenya, Article 196 (1a & b) of the Constitution (2010) and Section 8 (f) of the County Governments Act 2012 amongst others, stipulate the importance of public participation which when handled correctly, enhances transparency and accountability.
  • When the public is deliberately involved in programmes and projects within their areas, they are able to make crucial contributions that influence the outcomes. The leaders are also forced to become more ‘transparent’ in their dealings, leading to high accountability.
  • The public should participate in the vetting of individuals proposed for appointment during the constitution of National and County Governments. They should volunteer information that will ensure only the best candidates of high moral standing and integrity are appointed to public offices
  • The public should also attend budget-making meetings, and indeed, all development meetings where their opinion is needed to identify and prioritize projects and programmes. They should interrogate the budgetary proposals to ensure they reflect the situations on the ground correctly (not exaggerations meant to benefit corrupt individuals)
  • During implementation of public projects and programmes, the beneficiaries (members of the public) should volunteer to serve as members of the Project Management Committees (PMCs) to oversee their successful implementation, devoid of corruption

       3. How does public participation help in fighting corruption?

  • Through the Constitution, Kenyans have an opportunity to enhance development and service delivery through direct participation, which entrenches transparency and accountability
  • Leaders are aware of the public scrutiny, hence conduct themselves transparently
  • The public is closely involved in the execution of the development agenda of their governments, hence can demand transparency where issues are not clear
  • Citizens do not participate in or condone theft of materials from public projects

       4. How can Citizens hold their elected leaders accountable in service delivery?

  • Attend and participate in all scheduled development meetings
  • Not to demand for payments when attending such meetings
  • Agree to elect Project Management Committees to oversee implementation of local publicly-funded projects and programmes. Where not formed, citizens should demand their formation before implementation commences  

Conclusion

Public participation aims at empowering individuals, communities, and society in general by disseminating knowledge and involving them directly in their local development agenda, resulting in greater accountability and transparency by leaders and governments. It is crucial in building institutional capacity and improving service delivery.

Only projects and programmes that are locally owned and valued, flourish. The broader the ownership the better. This is particularly true in many developing countries where, for so long, so much has been forced from the top for the benefit of a few that, trust is negligible. Hence, increased public participation in the design, implementation and evaluation of programmes works to greatly enhance accountability and transparency, thereby minimizing corruption.

Public participation is thus an effective way of preventing corruption as it enables governments work more efficiently and helps the entire society participate in building an enabling environment for equitable and sustainable growth, resulting in timely and cost effective services delivered to its public.

Every individual has a role to play in the fight against corruption. In this case, it started with voting in leaders of integrity. Now those leaders must involve the public in decisions affecting their lives, and be accountable to them in service delivery. For the fight against corruption to be won, we all must play our roles effectively.

Remember, ‘Fighting Corruption, My responsibility!’

NATIONAL ANTI-CORRUPTION CAMPAIGN STEERING COMMITTEE


   News Room      

Topic: Role of the Voter in Fighting and Preventing Corruption in the General Election

The National Anti-Corruption Campaign Steering Committee (NACCSC) is established vide Kenya Gazette Notice No. 6707 dated 19th September, 2014. It is mandated to conduct a nationwide public education, sensitization and awareness creation campaign aimed at effecting fundamental changes in the attitude, behaviour, practices and culture of Kenyans towards corruption. The campaign is focused on the members of the public, to empower them fight and prevent corruption.

In line with its mandate and as Kenya prepares for the forthcoming General Election on 8th August 2017, NACCSC has, through a five-month interactive radio campaign themed “Elections and Good Governance” on seven radio stations, been equipping members of the public with knowledge on the qualities of a leader of integrity, benefits of electing individuals who are not tainted by corruption, plus highlighting the corruption-prone areas and corrupt practices in the electoral process so that voters can make informed decisions. The ultimate aim is to enable Kenyans elect into office leaders of integrity and prepare them to deal with any corruption that may arise during the elections and the entire electoral process.

The NACCSC would like the voters to know that they have a major role to play in electing good leaders. The following information will assist them in making good decisions on the leaders that should be elected during the general election: -

1. Leaders of Integrity

a) Qualities of a Leader of Integrity
• Honest, strong and not greedy
• Embraces and practices high morals and values
• Disciplined and willing to serve selflessly
• Shuns tribalism/ethnicism/clannism, and instead treats all Kenyans equal
• Observes the rule of law and respects human rights
• Prioritizes the fight against corruption
• Has not been tainted/associated with any corruption scandals in the past
• Their sources of wealth are obvious and explainable
• Accountable to the public for decisions made and actions taken

b) Benefits of electing Leaders who are not tainted by Corruption
• Reduced corruption levels and unethical conduct in management of public affairs
• Increased growth in economy and development
• Improved investor confidence in County/Country
• Peace, security and cohesion
• Rapid strides in development – increased budgetary allocations to the Counties arising from collection of more revenue

2. Corrupt Practices
• Bribing voters by giving them money, foodstuffs, clothing materials
• Buying voters’ national ID cards and Electors’ cards
• Stirring ethnic or sectarian animosities
• Hiring goons to disrupt public meetings of competitors
• Destroying election materials belonging to competitors
• Branding competitors as enemies
• Causing or meting out violence on voters and aspirants
• Discrimination on account of gender, ethnicity, region, party, body ability
• Favouritism by Government officials

3. Role of Voters: -
• Register as a voter and avail themselves on 8th August, 2017 to vote
• Know who the candidates are, their track record and what they stand for
• Not to participate in electoral malpractices – bribery, theft or destruction of election materials (ballot papers), etc
• Interrogate the potential leaders’ sources of wealth
• Check if their manifestos address corruption, among other important issues
• Elect leaders of integrity, those who are not corrupt, respect and involve the electorate in the management of public affairs; those that are not tainted by corruption, greedy or self-centered
• Shun/reject leaders who spew ethnic/tribal/party hatred and fan violence

4. What is a Peaceful Election?
An election is the act or process of choosing someone to a public office by voting. Peaceful elections, therefore, means this act or process which: -
• Is devoid of violence and electoral malpractices
• All candidates, their supporters and voters observe the elections laws before (campaigning period), during (voting on 8th August, 2017) and after election
• Fair, free, credible and acceptable results by all stakeholders
• All stakeholders play their rightful role to ensure a level playing field for the candidates
• Voters present themselves in an orderly manner to elect leaders of their choice and after the election
• There are no threats or intimidations, destruction of private and public property or displacement of communities.

5. What is the role of Voters in Ensuring Peaceful Elections?
• Participate in the voter and civic education on the election and in voting itself on the day of election
• Protect their voters and national identification cards from being bought/exchanged for cash money and other considerations
• Abide by/conduct themselves in lawful manner – avoid/shun corruption, violence, hateful speeches, etc before, during and after the election
• Respect electoral and security officials and comply with all lawful orders that are issued
• Support law enforcement by foiling/reporting malpractices and other criminal acts, recording statements and adducing evidence in courts of law as will be necessary
• Be on the lookout for any electoral malpractices and report the same for appropriate action
• Facilitate all voters cast their votes, regardless of their ethnic background, political affiliation or ability (give priority to persons with disabilities, sick).

Conclusion
Corruption remains a serious threat to the Country’s development agenda contained in the Kenya Vision 2030 and other development blue prints as it concentrates resources in the hands of a few, scares away both local and foreign investors and denies the public quality services. It should, thus, be in the interest of every individual Kenyan to vote in leaders of integrity who will ensure the vice is fought successfully and public resources applied as intended. NACCSC urges the public to play their rightful role in exercising their democratic right and elect leaders of integrity.

Towards this end, NACCSC issued a press statement on 8th June, 2017 (available on www.naccsc.go.ke) requesting all Presidential candidates cleared by IEBC to ensure fighting corruption is in the forefront of their political parties’ and individuals’ manifestos. Specifically, each candidate was requested to make public his individual plans and strategies on how he will to fight and prevent corruption in Kenya should he be elected as the President. NACCSC has noted with appreciation that manifestos by various candidates address the fight against corruption and we urge the voters, and the public at large, to study and interrogate those strategies and only consider electing candidates who demonstrate seriousness and genuine commitment to fighting corruption in Kenya.

Remember, ‘Fighting Corruption, My responsibility!’


NATIONAL ANTI-CORRUPTION CAMPAIGN STEERING COMMITTEE


   News Room      

 

1. Introduction

The National Anti-Corruption Campaign Steering Committee (NACCSC) is established vide Gazette Notice No. 6707 dated 19th September, 2014. It is mandated to undertake a nationwide public education, sensitization and awareness creation campaign aimed at effecting fundamental changes in the attitudes, behavior, practices and culture of Kenyans towards corruption. The campaign is mainly targeted at the members of the public to fully empower them fight corruption. Members are drawn from Government Ministries, Departments and Agencies, Faith Based Organizations, Women Organizations and the Private Sector.

As part of the discharge of its mandate, NACCSC strategically partnered with the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC) and other stakeholders to ensure that the electoral processes resulted in a free, fair and credible election. On diverse dates in April 2017, IEBC was invited and participated in the anti-corruption radio campaign themed “Elections and Good Governance” transmitted through five radio stations on the topic “corruption and malpractices in the electoral process” reaching an estimated 18.1 million listeners weekly with messages that encouraged the voters to shun corruption in the elections.

The campaign sought to sensitize the voters to understand corruption, its types, manifestations, effects and actions that should be taken to fight and prevent the vice in the general election. The members of the public were also sensitized on the qualities of a leader of integrity, benefits of electing individuals that are not tainted by corruption, the corruption-prone areas and corrupt practices in the electoral process and their individual and collective role in ensuring the elections are credible and devoid of corruption.

2. Background to the Observation Exercise

NACCSC undertakes studies and research to gather information on corruption to inform the campaign and advocacy activities. To generate empirical data on corruption issues related to the electioneering process, NACCSC sought and was accredited by the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC) for its Members, Secretariat Staff and the Regional Anti-Corruption Coordinators to observe the 2017 General Election.

Thirteen (13) NACCSC Members, five Senior Secretariat Staff and three Regional Anti-Corruption Coordinators participated in the Election Observation Exercise that began on 24th July and ended on 12th August 2017. The observation period covered pre- polling, polling and post polling day. Observers strictly adhered to the Guidelines and Code of Ethics for Election Observers provided by IEBC officials during the training conducted on 21st July, 2017.
3. Objectives
The Objectives of the observation exercise were to:-
• Observe the general election process and gather information for objective evaluation of the electoral process.
• Identify any forms of offences, malpractices and corruption in the electoral process for purposes of informing the development of future strategies for civic education and campaign against corruption.
• Generate empirical data to inform policy and continuous improvement in the Anti-Corruption Campaign and Advocacy activities.

4. Justification
Corrupt practices and various forms of electoral malpractices in the past have been perceived to erode integrity and credibility of the electoral process. Accordingly NACCSC having the mandate to cause fundamental changes in the attitudes, behavior, practices and culture of Kenyans towards corruption will be looked upon to provide intervention measures in terms of public education to curb incidents of corrupt practices during successive General Elections. There is also need to generate empirical data based on practical experience and actual observations during the General Election. Findings on corrupt practices/malpractices observed during the electioneering period will be analyzed and documented for purposes of formulation of civic/voter education and integration of advocacy activities for use by NACCSC and other Stakeholders.

5. Findings and Recommendations

A. PRE-POLLING

1. Supply of Election Materials
It was evident in all the stations that NACCSC observed, that IEBC ensured timely procurement of election materials, equipment and services. Before the polling day the non strategic materials had arrived in most Constituency IEBC offices and on 7th August 2017 strategic election materials had been dispatched to all Constituencies and were being kept in strategic warehouses/stores (Mostly schools and IEBC offices and strong rooms) within the constituencies and were well guarded by the security personnel. Most of the materials, according to the officers, in terms of quality were satisfactory and the services were sourced through competitive bidding. All polling stations visited had a copy of registered voters posted at the door/entrance of each polling station.

2. Voter and Civic Education
In most of the stations that were visited there were indications that civic and voter education, though carried out, was inadequate. Civic education mainly focused on peaceful elections, ballot paper colour codes and the six elective positions and not on how and where to mark the ballot papers. Two educators in every ward were reportedly insufficient and basically the education and awareness that voters got was the peace campaigns. The local administrative structure (National Government through Ministry of Interior and Coordination of National Government) and other key stakeholders were not involved in the civic education.

3. Recruitment and Training

a) Recruitment and Training of Presiding and Deputy Presiding Officers
It was clear that the positions (Presiding Officers (POs) and Deputy Presiding Officers (DPOs)) were advertised by IEBC through the local dailies and the media and ample time was provided for the interested persons to apply on line. Selection process was fair and quite transparent, according to some of the candidates. Names of those who had been recruited as election officials were posted at the IEBC offices and at the gates of institutions where the trainings were being undertaken for all to see and check. Where they had not been posted, there was a lot of milling around and confusion which was not conducive for training. Training of Presiding Officers and Deputy Presiding Officers went on well and the facilities were good and conducive for the purpose.

b) Recruitment of Polling Clerks
The positions of the polling clerks were advertised by IEBC through the local dailies and media and ample time provided for those interested to apply. Since the numbers were high, management of the process was inadequate. There were allegations that those interviewed to replace those that did not take up their positions had the undue advantage since those who had been interviewed before leaked the interview questions which amounts to corruption.

In some areas, it was reported that some applicants complained that though their names appeared on the lists of successful applicants, they were not on the final lists of applicants who were to be trained. IEBC was not clear on the exact number of clerks they needed, leading to some being trained very briefly on the eve of the elections. This compromises the integrity of the recruitment exercise. Training period for the clerks restricted to two days was very short since part of the training time was largely spent in sorting out the mess. Simulation for all the election officials was undertaken well and where issues were not clear the IEBC officials were there to clarify.

4. Campaigns
Campaign rallies/forums were generally peaceful and public had the freedom to attend without intimidation, coercion or violence. All aspirants moved freely articulating their policies and manifesto to the voters. Major rallies were not evident except when the presidential aspirants were in attendance. Most of the other aspirants resorted to use of vehicle caravans mounted with music, motor cycle outriders, social meetings, media debates for different cadres of aspirants, door-to-door campaigns and in the markets. In the door-to-door campaign method, it was alleged that aspirants targeted small groups, usually opinion leaders, whom they met to map out the campaign coverage areas and then equip them with money and materials to distribute to voters. All campaign functions were provided with security and the media were free to cover the events, with majority remaining impartial. Religious Organizations, Civil Society Organizations, Peace Committees and Media Houses both mainstream and Local FM stations came out strongly in preaching and mainstreaming peace and unity during the campaign period.

5. Corruption issues
NACCSC observers did not record any incidences of voter bribery but there were allegations that some aspirants were dishing out money, distributing food stuffs and clothing materials mostly during the door to door campaigns. Destruction and vandalism of rivals billboards and posters were reported in some areas. Some cases got so bad that candidates had to resort to hire youth to guard their materials. Some immediate former MPs, Governors and Government officials were alleged to be using government vehicles, equipment and facilities during the campaign period.

B. POLLING PERIOD

1. Election Materials
Six ballot boxes and sealed envelopes marked President, Governor, Senator, Member of National Parliament, Women member National Assembly and Member County Assembly were provided in all the polling stations sampled. The rubber stamps, indelible ink and KIEMs tablets were available in all the polling stations. The personnel confirmed having been fully trained on the use of KIEMs. Each presiding officer was responsible in ensuring that all the materials required were delivered and adequate polling clerks had rehearsed and an oath of secrecy/integrity administered to all officials in the polls. In some polling stations indelible ink and rubber stamps were not sufficient.

2. Polling Stations Layout and Voting Process
The Polling stations lay out were well arranged and suitably organized ready for polling. Designated sitting area for observers, party agents and the media was provided. Most of the polling stations opened and closed at the designated times of 6.00am and 5.00pm which was commendable but no one who was in the centre was denied voting. Those that opened slightly late compensated for lost time after 5pm. Voter turnout was high with most polling stations resulting in long queues. In some polling stations voters started queuing as early as 2 to 3 hours before the polling station official opening time. The voting area in all the stations visited was free from campaign signs and posters.

Voters were calm through out the voting process. The identification of voters was transparent and the special categories of voters provided with special voting provisions. The colours of the boxes and ballot papers were not easily distinguished and IEBC officials had to guide and ensure that ballot papers were inserted in the correct boxes. There were no incidences of violence or voter bribery. Voters whose details could not be found in the KIEMs kit were identified using Alpha numeric (supervisor’s validation). Two booths per station were not only unstable but quite inadequate and some voters opted to use other open space to mark the ballots within the station. Agents of various candidates were present and well accommodated within the polling stations.

Most voters left the polling station immediately after voting apart from counting agents who remained behind to witness the counting of the ballots. Voting process took an average of 5-6 minutes while in cases where assistance was required; voting took 7-10 minutes. This identifies a need for a comprehensive voter education. The IEBC officials adhered to the voting process at the polling stations and demonstrated a lot of commitment.

C. POST POLLING

1. Counting and Tallying
The counting of votes was transparent and seals broken in full view of the candidates’ agents, international and local observers. The presiding officers gathered all the agents and in their presence opened each ballot box starting with the presidential, Member of the National Assembly, Member of County Assembly, Senator, women Representative National Assembly and lastly Governor. All the spoilt and rejected votes were displayed and a consensus reached. Once agreed upon, party agents, together with the presiding officer signed all the forms after announcing of the results and resealing all the boxes. Votes were then counted results transmitted in accordance with legal procedures and IEBC rules and regulations. Results were transmitted electronically to the tallying centres by the Presiding Officers and in some areas, transmission took longer due to technical hitches. Elections officials were not harassed or intimidated by the party agents.

2. Security
Security personnel were visible and on high alert and not intimidating. Their presence in the entire polling period was appreciated by the public. Tension was high throughout the voting process and after declaration of results some areas experienced demonstrations.

On the overall IEBC put in place detailed transparent processes for voting, counting tallying and announcement of the results which is commendable.

6. Summary of Issues/Challenges

a) Civic and voter education drive were found to be inadequate as evidenced by many spoilt and rejected votes. Again this was clearly seen during the simulation and on the actual polling day where some voters did not know how to mark the ballot paper and in placement of the ballot papers in the correct ballot box.
b) Recruitment and training of election officials was done close to election day which led to confusion and replacement of those not available during the polling day
c) Limited supply of polling booths slowed down the process. The availed polling booths did not have adequate space and were not stable.
d) Some polling stations did not have sufficient indelible ink, rubber stamps and stamps
e) Most polling stations had long queues especially in the urban areas making the election officials to work till very late which impacted on the delay in counting
f) The colours of the ballot papers and boxes were not sharp and obviously distinguishable, leading to some voters placing their ballots in the wrong ballot boxes
g) There was exhaustion and fatigue that the polling officials exhibited during tallying and counting
h) The departure by candidates from the traditional public rallies method of campaigning to door-to-door constituted fertile ground for corrupt practices to thrive.

7. Recommendations

a) In order for civic and voter education, including simulations to inform/feed into the actual polling day election process, they should take place 6 to 12 months earlier to allow feedback to IEBC. Civic education should be undertaken on a continuous basis. Most voters were reached through public meetings and media which IEBC should consider using extensively. IEBC should also consider using the local administrative structures, NACCSC through County Anti-Corruption Civilian Oversight Committee and other stakeholders like peace committees and Religious institutions
b) IEBC should in future recruit and train election officials in good time before the actual polling day to ensure a smooth and fast electoral process
c) The number of polling booths be increased from two to four per station and be designed to have adequate space for marking the ballot papers and made of stable materials
d) IEBC to provide adequate election materials such as indelible ink, stamps and stamp pads
e) IEBC should consider increasing the polling stations to reduce the number of voters to be served per each station, say to 500, to avoid long queues and voting past closing time
f) The colours of both the ballot papers and lids of ballot boxes should be sharp, preferably primary colours
g) IEBC should consider recruiting another category of clerks to specifically tally and count the ballots instead of using polling clerks
h) IEBC considers partnering with NACCSC to develop and implement civic and voter education that will include awareness creation to address corruption and the effect it has on elections and the electoral process.

8. Conclusion
The 2017 General Election process was observed as being generally free, fair and credible for all the six elective positions. Where disputes arose, petitions were filed with the Supreme Court, High Court and Magistrates Courts for arbitration.


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Corruption remains a serious threat to the Country’s development agenda contained in the Kenya Vision 2030 and other development blue prints as it concentrates resources in the hands of a few, scares away local and foreign investors and denies the public quality services. It is, therefore, in the interest of every Kenyan that the vice is fought successfully. The beginning point is to elect leaders of integrity. Towards this end, on 8th June, 2017, the National Anti-Corruption Campaign Steering Committee (NACCSC) established to undertake public education, sensitization and awareness creation campaign against corruption, wrote to all the Presidential candidates that had been cleared by Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC) and issued a press statement (available on www.naccsc.go.ke) requesting them to ensure fighting corruption was prioritized.
Specifically, each candidate was requested to make public the plans and strategies he will use to fight and prevent corruption should he be elected as the President. NACCSC has noted with appreciation that manifestos by various candidates address the fight against corruption. We urge the voters and the public at large, to study and interrogate the strategies in those manifestos and only consider electing candidates who demonstrate seriousness and genuine commitment to fight corruption.
NACCSC has over the last five months intensified an anti-corruption awareness creation campaign through seven radio stations to members of the public on their individual and collective role in ensuring the 8th August 2017 General Election are free of corruption, peaceful, credible, and fair. The public has also been sensitized on qualities of a leader of integrity, how to identify and deal with corrupt practices in the entire electoral process and on the election day, benefits of electing individuals who are not tainted by corruption and corruption-prone areas.
Kenyans need to recognize that they wield immense power in determining the destiny of their country and participate in electing leaders capable of steering the country in the right direction for peace, prosperity and sustainable development. This unique chance that comes once in five years enables ordinary Kenyans to individually elect leaders that will preside over the management of Kenya’s affairs on their behalf.
A leader of integrity is one who is honest, strong and not greedy; who embraces and practices high morals and values; is disciplined, willing to serve all without discrimination, shuns tribalism/ ethnicity/clannism and treats all Kenyans equally. He observes the rule of law, respects human rights, prioritizes the fight against corruption, ensures the right laws are enacted and scarce public resources are utilized to benefit all. Voters, therefore, need to look out for those candidates that have not been associated with any corruption scandals in the past, and whose sources of wealth are obvious and known. Such a leader, once elected, will be accountable for decisions made and actions taken.
Registered voters should avail themselves on 8th August, 2017 and cast their votes for candidates whose track records they know, avoid participating in electoral malpractices e.g. bribery, theft or destruction of election materials (ballot papers), and maintain law and order after the polling exercise. For the election to be credible and acceptable to both the losers and winners, every effort must be made by all stakeholders to ensure transparency in the whole process to ensure the final vote truly reflects the will of the people.
NACCSC appeals to all Kenyans to change their attitude, behaviour, practice and culture towards corruption. Being a moral and ethical issue, corruption can only be fought successfully if all Kenyans embrace and practice the right values and morals. Let us all play our roles in bringing corruption to an end in our beloved Kenya.
Remember, ‘Fighting Corruption, My responsibility!’
Rev. Jessie Mutura
VICE CHAIRPERSON
Date: 30th July, 2017


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As Kenya prepares for the forthcoming General Election on 8th August 2017, the National Anti-Corruption Campaign Steering Committee has put in place strategies to enable Kenyans elect into office leaders of integrity and prepare the public to deal with any corruption that may arise during the elections and the entire electoral process.

Read more: Press statement by the National Anti-Corruption Campaign Steering Committee to presidential...


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The Ag. Director National Anti-Corruption Campaign Steering Committee Mr David Gathii has underscored the importance of Participatory Budgeting in the fight against corruption.

Speaking today (3rd April 2017) at the opening of a workshop for County Anti-Corruption Civilian Oversight Committees in Eldoret, Mr Gathii noted that the plot to steal government funds starts at the budgeting phase. Corrupt individuals infiltrate the budgeting process allocating excessive funds to projects of interest to them.

"When the public is involved from the beginning in participatory budgeting, they will guard against any suspicious allocations" said Gathii.

Read more: World Bank Sponsor County Anti-Corruption Civilian Oversight Committees Training on Participatory...


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Women are in a unique position to help fight corruption from the family unit. Speaking in an Embu hotel , Cabinet Secretary Ms Sicily Kariuki urged women countrywide to ensure public funds are utilized properly for enhanced development.

Read more: Women are in a unique position to help fight corruption from the family unit


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 SUPPLEMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL ANTI-CORRUPTION DAY – 9TH DECEMBER, 2016

The National Anti-Corruption Campaign Steering Committee (NACCSC) is established vide Kenya Gazette Notice No. 6707 dated 19th September, 2014. It is mandated to conduct a nationwide public education, sensitization and awareness creation campaign aimed at effecting fundamental changes in the attitude, behaviour, practices and culture of Kenyans towards corruption. The campaign is a preventive strategy to empower members of the public to shun corruption and take action whenever they come across it, including prevention.

Read more: SUPPLEMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL ANTI-CORRUPTION DAY – 9TH DECEMBER, 2016


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West Pokot County Anti-Corruption Civilian Oversight Committee  visited Pkantil Water Project in Pokot South Sub-County, funded by the County Government at a cost of Ksh 3,036,195.00. A social audit on the project revealed the water intake was too small to allow for treatment of the water, while residents confessed they were not involved in the project implementation which has stalled since inception on 27th April, 2016.

Read more: West Pokot County Anti-Corruption Civilian Oversight Committee Social Audit


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