Topic: Overview Of The Anti-Corruption Radio Campaign

1. Introduction

The National Anti-Corruption Campaign Steering Committee (NACCSC) is established vide Kenya Gazette Notice No. 6707 dated 19th September, 2014. It is mandated to undertake a nationwide public education, sensitization and awareness creation campaign aimed at effecting fundamental changes in the attitudes, behavior, practices and culture of Kenyans towards corruption. The campaign is mainly targeted at the members of the public to fully empower them fight corruption. Members are drawn from Government Ministries, Departments and Agencies, Faith Based Organizations, Women Organizations and the Private Sector.

2. Radio Campaign

In the month of April 2017, NACCSC undertook a three-month campaign on five radio stations themed “Elections and Good Governance” to sensitize the voters to understand corruption, types, manifestations, effects and actions that should be taken to fight and prevent corruption in the general elections. The campaign proved popular with radio listeners and was leading to the procurement of an additional two radio stations and the extension of period by two months until after the general election on 8th August, 2017.  

Through the five-month campaign, members of the public have been sensitized on the qualities of a leader of integrity, benefits of electing individuals that are not tainted by corruption, the corruption-prone areas and corrupt practices in the electoral process and their individual and collective role in ensuring the elections are free, fair and credible, devoid of corruption. The campaign reached an estimated 20.9 million Kenyans every week with anti-corruption messages, many of whom voiced their concerns and asked questions through short text messages, telephone call-ins and social media posts.

In the post-election period, citizens have been sensitized on their role in ensuring that the leaders do engage in corrupt practices as well as demanding setting up of transparent and accountable governance structures. The citizens should continue monitoring their leaders’ performance, but most important, the fight against corruption.

3. Review of the Campaign

Various stakeholders in the electoral process participated in the campaign, discussing different topics related to their mandate and efforts they have put in place to fight corruption. Pre-election programmes concentrated on the importance of voters electing leaders of integrity, while post-election programmes focused on how the voters can hold their leaders accountable. The stakeholders that participated and their topics are indicated in the following table:-

TABLE OF INSTITUTIONS THAT PARTICIPATED AND THE TOPICS THEY FACILITATED

S/no. Institution Topic Discussed
1. Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission Corruption and Malpractices in the Electoral Process
2. Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission Fighting corruption through Vetting and Integrity of Candidates
3. Inter-Religious Council of Kenya Role of Religious Institutions in Ensuring Corruption-free Elections
4. National Cohesion and Integration Commission The Role of NCIC in Ensuring Corruption-free Elections
5. National Youth Council The Role of Youth in Fighting and Preventing Corruption in the General Elections
6. Transparency International (K) The Role of the Public in Ensuring Corruption-Free Elections
7. Director of Public Prosecutions The Role of ODPP in Fighting and Preventing Corruption in the General Elections
8. Registrar of Political Parties The Role of Political Parties in Fighting and Preventing Corruption in the General Elections
9. IEBC, EACC, CS Education and ORPP Vetting Candidates for the General Elections
10. Maendeleo Ya Wanawake Organization The Role of Women in Fighting and Preventing Corruption in the General Election
11. Kenya National Commission on Human Rights The Role of Human Rights in Fighting and Preventing Corruption in the General Election
12. National Council for Persons With Disability The Role of Persons with Disability in Fighting and Preventing Corruption in the General Election
13. Media Council of Kenya The Role of the Media in Fighting and Preventing Corruption in the General Elections
14. NACCSC Role of voters in electing leaders of integrity
15. National Police Service Role of the National Police Service in Fighting and Preventing Corruption in the General Elections
16. Director of Public Prosecutions Electoral malpractices/offences and their prosecution
17. Transparency International (K) Preventing corruption in the constitution of National and County Governments
18. NACCSC Role of Citizens in Fighting and Preventing Corruption after the General Election
19. Inter-Religious Council of Kenya Public participation in the fight against corruption
20. NACCSC Review of the Anti-Corruption Radio Campaign

4. Discussion Points

From the above table, it is clear the radio campaign was comprehensive and wholesome. As it successfully comes to an end, and as the country heads to the re-run of the presidential elections on 17th October 2017 as announced by the IEBC, there is need to leave the listeners with lasting messages as follows:-

  1. Fighting corruption is my responsibility. Every Kenyans has a role to play in the fight against corruption and the vice can only be effectively fought when each stakeholder plays their rightful role.
  2. It is the constitutional right of all Kenyans over the age of 18 years to participate in general elections and elect leaders of their choice.
  3. Kenyans need to interrogate those candidates who present themselves for election to various posts, and elect only those that are of high integrity and capable of steering the counties and country to higher levels of development
  4. Leaders vying for various posts and positions need to ensure that fighting corruption is in the forefront of their political parties’ and individuals’ manifestos.
  5. Qualities of a Leader of Integrity include:-
    1. Honest, strong and not greedy
    2. Embraces and practices high morals and values
    3. Disciplined and willing to serve selflessly
    4. Shuns tribalism/ethnicism/clannism and, instead, treats all Kenyans equally
    5. Observes the rule of law and respects human rights
    6. Prioritizes the fight against corruption
    7. Has not been tainted/associated with any corruption scandals in the past
    8. Their sources of wealth are obvious, known and explainable
    9. Accountable to the public for decisions made and actions taken.

f. Benefits of electing Leaders who are not tainted by Corruption include:-

 

    1. Reduced corruption levels and unethical conduct in the management of public affairs
    2. Increased growth in the economy and development
    3. Improved investor confidence in County/Country
    4. Peace, security, cohesion and peaceful coexistence
    5. Rapid strides in development – increased budgetary allocations to the Counties arising from collection of more revenue.

g. Corrupt Practices in the Elections and Electoral Processes

    1. Bribing voters by giving them money, foodstuffs, clothing materials
    2. Buying voters’ national ID cards
    3. Stirring ethnic or sectarian animosities
    4. Hiring goons to disrupt public meetings of competitors
    5. Destroying election materials belonging to competitors
    6. Branding competitors as enemies
    7. Causing or meting out violence on voters and aspirants
    8. Discrimination on account of gender, ethnicity, region, party, body ability
    9. Favouritism by Government officials

h. Role of the Electorate after the General Election

    1. Demand from their leaders that they uphold integrity, transparency and accountability in the conduct and management of public affairs
    2. Continuously remind the leaders of the pre-election pledges they made as contained in their development agenda, party/individual manifestos and verbal promises
    3. Demand that the leaders abide by and deliver on the promises they had made
    4. Regularly monitor and evaluate the delivery of such pledges and promises
  1. Participate in vetting (usually held in open forums) of individuals proposed for appointment, thus Cabinet Secretaries and Principal Secretaries; and County Executive Committee Members and Chief Officers, in the National and County Governments respectively, among many other positions. Members of the public should volunteer information that will help weed out corrupt and incompetent individuals to ensure that only the best candidates of high moral standing and integrity are appointed.

j. What is Public Participation, and how can the public effectively accomplish this?

    1. The World Bank defines participation as: ‘A process in which stakeholders influence and share control over development initiatives, decisions and the resources affecting them’.
    2. In Kenya, Article 196 (1a & b) of the Constitution (2010) and Section 8 (f) of the County Governments Act 2012 amongst others, stipulate the importance of public participation which when handled correctly, enhances transparency and accountability.
    3. When the public is deliberately involved in programmes and projects within their areas, they are able to make crucial contributions that influence the outcomes. The leaders are also forced to become more ‘transparent’ in their dealings, leading to high accountability
    4. The public should attend all meetings convened by various authorities on the management of public affairs including budget-making, policy formulation and development to give their opinion and make decisions. They should interrogate the budgetary proposals, and ask questions, to ensure they reflect the situations on the ground correctly (not exaggerations meant to benefit corrupt individuals)
    5. During implementation of public projects and programmes, the beneficiaries (members of the public) should accept to volunteer to serve as members of the Project Management Committees (PMCs) to oversee their successful implementation, devoid of corruption.

k. How does public participation help in fighting corruption?

    1. Through the Constitution, Kenyans have an opportunity to enhance development and service delivery through direct participation, which entrenches transparency and accountability
    2. Leaders are aware of the public scrutiny, hence conduct themselves transparently
    3. The public is closely involved in the execution of the development agenda of their governments, hence can demand transparency where issues are not clear
    4. Citizens do not participate in or condone theft of materials from public projects but, instead, report to the relevant authorities.

l. How can Citizens hold their elected leaders accountable in service delivery?

    1. Attend and participate in all scheduled development meetings
    2. Not to demand for payments (or even tea) when attending such meetings
    3. Agree to elect Project Management Committees to oversee implementation of local publicly-funded projects and programmes. Where not formed, citizens should demand their formation before implementation commences.

m. How can Citizens deal with errant Leaders?

    1. Exercise their right of recall of their Member of Parliament as provided in article 104 of the Constitution of Kenya, 2010
    2. Exercise their right to demonstration, picketing and petition as provided in article 37 of the Constitution of Kenya, 2010
    3. Not to re-elect an errant leader – one who lacks integrity and is corrupt and inept (inept means incompetent, useless and hopeless).

5. Conclusion

Corruption remains a serious threat to the Country’s development agenda contained in the Kenya Vision 2030 and other development blue prints as it concentrates resources in the hands of a few, scares away both local and foreign investors and denies the public quality services. It should, thus, be in the interest of every individual Kenyan to play his/her rightful role in fighting and preventing corruption; fighting corruption starts with me and you.

Finally, the National Anti-Corruption Campaign Steering Committee expresses its commitment to continue educating and empowering citizens to fight and prevent corruption in Kenya. We also wish to thank all the listeners who tuned-in and followed discussions but most importantly, received and acted on the anti-corruption messages that were relayed to them in the pre-polling, polling and post-polling periods. We also appreciate the members of the public who expressed their opinions and contributed ideas on how the vice can successfully be fought, we thank you.

Remember, ‘Fighting Corruption, My responsibility!’

NATIONAL ANTI-CORRUPTION CAMPAIGN STEERING COMMITTEE